RAZIEL, DAVID (1910–1941), commander of the Irgun Ẓeva'i Le'ummi (IẒL). Born in Smorgon, near Vilna, Raziel was taken to Ereẓ Israel at the age of three by his parents. From an early age he displayed literary ability, writing essays and plays on biblical themes. During the 1929 Arab riots he joined the haganah , becoming one of the first members of the IẒL, which seceded from the Haganah in 1931. He soon became known as a gifted instructor and leader and produced manuals of military instruction. About a year after the first split in IẒL (1937), he became commander of the organization, and during that tense year led it in its reprisal activities against the Arabs. On May 19, 1939, he was captured by the British authorities, and sent to a prison camp, from which he was released at the end of October as a result of the outbreak of World War II and the IẒL's readiness to cooperate in the war effort against the Axis. He continued to serve as commander of the IẒL and leader of betar in Palestine even after the June 1940 split in IẒL. On May 17, 1941, in cooperation with British Army intelligence, he led a group of IẒL members to Ḥabbāniyya, Iraq, to sabotage the oil depots on the outskirts of Baghdad, which were serving the German Luftwaffe; but on May 20, in a German bombing attack, the car in which he was traveling was hit and he and a British officer were killed. Buried in the British military cemetery at Ḥabbāniyya, his remains were transferred to Nicosia, Cyprus, in 1955 and finally interred on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem in 1961. Ramat Raziel, a moshav in the Judean Mountains, is named after him. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Katz, Days of Fire (1968), index; Jabotinsky Institute in Israel, David Raziel (Heb., 1956); D. Niv, Ma'arekhot ha-Irgun ha-Ẓeva'i ha-Le'ummi, 3 (1967), index; Dinur, Haganah, 2 pt. 3 (1963), index. (David Niv)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Raziel, David — (1910–41)    Irgun Tzvai Leumi commander. Raziel was brought to Palestine from Lithuania as a child of three, and studied at a yeshivah and then at the Hebrew University. He was one of the Haganah members who split away in 1931 to form the Irgun… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Raziel, David — (1910 41)    Palestinian underground fighter. He was born in Smorgon, near Vilna, and went to Palestine with his parents at an early age. During the 1929 Arab riots he joined the Haganah. He was a founder (in 1937) and commander of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • David Raziel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda David Raziel David Raziel (Vilna, Lituania, 19 de diciembre de 1910 – Iraq, 20 de mayo de 1941) fue un combatiente judío del Mandato Británico de Palestina …   Wikipedia Español

  • David Raziel — (December 19, 1910 May 20, 1941) was a fighter of the Jewish underground during the British mandate, and one of the founders of the Irgun. Biography Born in Smarhoń (now in Hrodna Voblast, Belarus), Vilna district in t …   Wikipedia

  • David Raziel — (* 19. Dezember 1910 in Smorgon bei Wilna; † 20. Mai 1941 in Habbaniya bei Bagdad/Irak) war Kommandant der zionistischen Untergrundorganisation Irgun Tzwai Le umi. Im Alter von drei Jahren wurde Raziel von seinen Eltern nach Palästina …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Ratziel — (19 décembre 1910 20 mai 1941 parfois orthographié « David Raziel ») a été un officier de la Haganah puis de l Irgoun, avant d en devenir le commandant en chef en 1938. Il est tué au combat en Irak lors d un bombardement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • David Raziel — David Ratziel David Ratziel David Ratziel (19 décembre 1910 20 mai 1941 parfois orthographié « David Raziel ») a été un officier de la Haganah puis de l Irgoun, avant d en devenir le commandant en chef en 1938. Il est tué au combat en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raziel (disambiguation) — Raziel may refer to:*Raziel, an archangel of ancient Jewish mysticism, and probably the original Raziel in history *Raziel (Legacy of Kain), a character in the Legacy of Kain series of video games *David Raziel, a fighter of the Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Raziel (Begriffsklärung) — Raziel ist: Raziel, ein Engel der jüdischen Mythologie eine der beiden Hauptcharaktere der Computerspiel Serie Legacy of Kain ein Engel, der mehrfach in den Werken von Christopher Moore auftaucht Raziel ist der Familienname folgender Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sepher Raziel HaMalach — Symbole und Sigille aus dem Sepher Raziel HaMalach Das Sepher Raziel HaMalach (Hebräisch: ספר רזיאל המלאך) ist ein Grimoire aus dem 13. Jahrhundert, das auch unter den Namen Sepher Raziel und Buch des Raziel bekannt ist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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